Sunday, February 18, 2018

PT -- GUERRA NUCLEAR -- Capítulo 3 O Barril de Pólvora Nuclear -- 3.1 Um Milhão de Hiroshimas




De Hiroshima até hoje:

Quem e como nos conduzem à catástrofe

Capítulo 3
O Barril de Pólvora Nuclear
3.1  Um Milhão de Hiroshimas

De 1945, o ano em que se inicia a corrida aos armamentos nucleares, até 1991, o ano em que a destruição da União Soviética assinala o fim da guerra fria, estão fabricadas no mundo cerca de 125.000 ogivas nucleares: destas, mais de 53% (mais de 65.000) dos EUA, 44% (55.000) da União Soviética. Das fábricas dos EUA saem, no período 1959-1961, 6.500 armas nucleares por ano, uma média de cerca de 25 por dia laboral. As fábricas soviéticas trabalham ao mesmo ritmo.

Cada uma das duas super potências apetrecha-se, desta maneira, de um arsenal nuclear que lhe dá a capacidade de destruir a outra: é a estratégia da «mutua destruição assegurada» (na sigla inglesa «MAD», «louco»).

Cerca de 3.500 armas nucleares são fabricadas globalmente pela França (1.260), Grã-Bretanha (1.250), China (600), Paquistão (100-120), Índia (90-100), Israel (80-400) e África do Sul (6).

A despesa é enorme e prossegue até depois da guerra fria. Estima-se que os EUA gastaram em armamento nuclear, no período de 1940-1996, mais de 5.800 biliões de dólares (referido ao valor constante do dólar em 1996). Se essa soma fosse constituída por notas de um dólar, amarradas em pacotes, podia-se construir um muro de dólares com a altura de 2,5 metros que circundava a Terra 100 vezes, sobre o Equador. Adicionando as despesas tidas com os armamentos nucleares da União Soviética/Federação Russa e dos outros países, podia-se, no mínimo, duplicar a altura do muro de dólares em volta da Terra.

Acumula-se assim no mundo um arsenal nuclear que, nos anos oitenta, atinge provavelmente os 15.000 megaton, equivalente a mais de um milhão de bombas de Hiroshima. É como se cada habitante do planeta estivesse sentado sobre 3 toneladas de TNT. A potência do arsenal nuclear supera 5.000 vezes a de todos os engenhos explosivos usados na Segunda Grande Guerra mundial.Cria-se, pela primeira vez na História, uma força destruidora que pode aniquilar da face da Terra, não uma, mas muitas vezes, a espécie humana e quase todas as outras formas de vida.

Para o fabrico das armas nucleares, são produzidas, durante a guerra fria, mais de 250 toneladas de plutónio: bastavam 150 kgs, oportunamente distribuídos, para provocar o cancro do pulmão a toda a população humana. Produzem-se, sempre para fins militares, 2.200 toneladas de urânio altamente enriquecido (HEU).

Uma herança mortal, que a corrida aos armamentos nucleares deixa às gerações futuras. O período de redução para metade (o tempo que ocorre para que a radioactividade se reduza à metade da inicial) é, para o plutónio, 24.000 anos. Isto significa que essas 2.200 toneladas de urânio enriquecido (HEU) permanecem perigosas durante 250.000 anos, um período de tempo correspondente a 10.000 gerações humanas.

A seguir
3.2  A «maleta nuclear»

Capítulos anteriores disponíveis em

Rosenstein and Mueller Running for Cover Leaving Brennan Exposed Paul Craig Roberts

Rosenstein and Mueller Running for Cover Leaving Brennan Exposed

Rosenstein and Mueller Running for Cover Leaving Brennan Exposed
Paul Craig Roberts
Now the Deputy Attorney General Rosenstein confirms what I told you in my previous post. Mueller found no evidence that Russia had any impact on the outcome of the 2016 election.
So what was Russiagate all about?
It was exactly, precisely what I told you it was about from the very begining. It was a conspiracy orchestrated by the military/security complex, CIA, FBI, Hillary Clinton, and the Democratic National Committed against Donald Trump.
Trump’s emphasis during his presidential campaign on normalizing relations with Russia, which the neocon Obama regime had turned into “America’s most dangerous enemy,” was a threat to the power and budgets of the military/security complex. Without a demonized enemy, what is the justification for a 1,000 billion annual budget and the laws passed in the 21st century that completely destroy the protections provided by the US Constitution?
From the Clinton/DNC standpoint, a Trump victory would halt the vast riches pouring into the Clinton/DNC pockets from “pay to play.” The Clinton Foundation and the Clintons themselves were on their way to both being billionaires with the DNC collecting the registration fees. This was a model for one party rule. And along comes Donald Trump.
I doubt Trump knew what he was stepping into. So far he has been unable to function as President. But now that the FISA court has on record Rosenstein and Comey’s confessions that the spy warrants requested by the FBI to spy on Trump are based on deception of the court, the conspirators against Trump face indictment, conviction, and prison, if Trump has the balls, which he might not have. We cannot even be sure Trump understands the situation.
What perhaps has surely happened is that former CIA director John Brennan is now exposed by the total failue of Mueller to find a Trump/Putin conspiracy against American democracy. Rosenstein’s statement that “there is no allegation in [Mueller’s] indictment that any American was a knowing particiipant in this illegal activity [illegal activity is an unsubstantiated assertion only]. There is no allegation in the inditment that the [Russians’] conduct altered the outcome of the election.”
Brennan as CIA director had lied under oath to Congress to the contrary.
Rosenstein and Comey are trapped in their confessions to the FISA court that the FBI obtained spy warrants from the court via deception of the court. See:
What we must ask ourselves is how it is possible in the Great American Democracy that people totally devoid of all integrity, all honesty, all respect for truth can be confirmed by the US Senate as heads of the CIA, FBI, and National Intelligence?
How is it possible that these utterly corrupt people can go before the House and Senate continuously and tell lies under oath and never be held accountable?
How is it possible that American Democracy is so utterly weak that nothing whatsoever can be done about it?
What kind of America is it when it is ruled by blatant transparant lies?
In what sense do The People exist?

Why Are We In Afghanistan?

Why Are We In Afghanistan?
Why Are We In Afghanistan?
It is long past time for someone in the shithole known as Washington to tell us why Americans have been killing and dying in Afghanistan for 17 years. Is it to steal the country’s minerals? Is it to control the location of pipelines? Is it to keep American taxpayers money flowing to the US military/security complex? Is it to finance the CIA’s black operations with drug profits? Or is it to prove that the neoconservatives’ dream of US world hegemony is a chimera?
Here are some questions for you from a voice you never have heard:
Letter of the Islamic Emirate to the American people!
The American people, officials of independent non-governmental organizations and the peace loving Congressmen!

With the hope that you will read this letter prudently and will evaluate the future of American forces and your profit and loss inside Afghanistan in light of the prevailing realities alluded to in the following lines!

The American people!

You realize that your political leadership launched a military invasion of our country 17 years ago. This invasion was not only contrary to the legal and national norms of our own sovereign country but also a violation of all international rules and regulations, but still the following three main points were put forward by your authorities to justify this illegitimate invasion:

Establishing security by eliminating the so called terrorists inside Afghanistan.

Restoring law and order by establishing a legal government.

Eradicating narcotics.

However let us analyze how successful your war-monger leaders were in achieving the above three slogans in this illegitimate war?

Increased insecurity and fighting:

In 2001 when your ex-president George W. Bush ordered the invasion of Afghanistan, his justification for that felonious act was the elimination the Islamic Emirate (Taliban) and Al-Qaeda.

But despite continuing this bloody war for seventeen years and accepting huge casualties and financial losses, your current president Donald Trump – to continue the illegal 17 year old war in Afghanistan – acknowledged increased insecurity and emergence of multiple groups instead of the single unified Islamic Emirate (Taliban).

This was stated by Trump while declaring his new war strategy for Afghanistan and South Asia on 23rd August 2017 and seventeen years later, again ordered the perpetuation of the same illegitimate occupation and war against the Afghan people. Since your authorities admit the presence of multiple warring factions inside Afghanistan, it verifies our claim that by invading Afghanistan and overthrowing a unified responsible government of Taliban, the Americans have merely paved the way for anarchy in the country.

No matter what title or justification is presented by your undiscerning authorities for the war in Afghanistan, the reality is that tens of thousands of helpless Afghans including women and children were martyred by your forces, hundreds of thousands were injured and thousands more were incarcerated in Guantanamo, Bagram and various other secret jails and treated in such a humiliating way that has not only brought shame upon humanity but is also a violation of all claims of American culture and civilization.

In this lopsided war and as confirmed by your own military authorities, 3546 American and foreign soldiers have been killed, more than 20,000 American forces injured and tens of thousands more are suffering mentally but in reality the amount of your casualties is several times higher and is deliberately being concealed by your leaders. Similarly this war has cost you trillions of dollars thus making it one of the bloodiest, longest and costliest war in the contemporary history of your country.

Chaos and the most corrupt regime:
Even though it is not the duty of America to draft laws and suggest systems for other countries but nevertheless, the second excuse of George W. Bush for the invasion of Afghanistan was to establish a supposed legitimate government. But despite seventeen years of war costing thousands of American and coalition lives and billions of dollars, such a system has taken root in Afghanistan which has achieved the following administrative, legal, military and political records:

Number one internationally in administrative and financial corruption.
Number one internationally in violating human rights.
Number one internationally in usurping of land and embezzling international aid.
Number one internationally in violence against women, etc. etc.

The latest example of the corrupt regime formed in the wake of American invasion is the presence of a two-headed system which is unparalleled in the established laws of forming a government throughout the world.

Production and expansion of narcotics:

The third justification of George W. Bush to invade Afghanistan was the prevention and eradication of narcotics. Let us examine the amount and levels of production and expansion of the narcotic trade in Afghanistan after seventeen year war effort?

According to the data provided by UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes) – prior to the American invasion – poppy was cultivated only on 185 hectors land of Afghanistan and only in areas controlled by anti-Taliban forces whereas the level of heroin addiction among Afghans was next to nil. But following the American invasion of Afghanistan, poppy cultivation skyrocketed from 185 hectors to 328,000 hectors while under the shadow of seventeen year occupation, the number of drug addicts has reached 3 million people.

On 21st December 2017, the UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes) reported that drug production increased by 87% and poppy cultivation increased by 63% during the year 2017, thus mounting the total production of narcotics to 9000 metric tons.

The American people!

You proclaim to be a developed and civilized nation of the world. Since the imposed government in Afghanistan is established by you therefore we leave it to your judgment to decide – according to your logic and conscience – whether the present system and its pertinent changes, insecurity, chaos and 87% increase in narcotics are reforms or crimes against humanity?

Your authorities proclaim that tens of billions of dollars have been spent on various reconstruction projects in Afghanistan. Of course this is the same money which is collected from you as taxes and revenues, but here it has been distributed among thieves and murderers.

Do you agree that the hard earned money of your labor should be wasted on such a corrupt system where in only one criminal case, $900 million were stolen from Kabul Bank by corrupt officials?

Do you consider it the rule of law in American culture and lexicon where the first deputy of a government is a person involved in the felonious act of sexual assault on a 70-year-old man besides hundreds of other crimes against humanity?

Is this the civilization, modernity and rule of law proclaimed by you in the world?

Were your 3546 forces killed in Afghanistan to establish and empower such a system?

Can your scholars, intellectuals and unbiased analysts produce an answer to our questions?

You must understand that our people are living, watching and closely analyzing all these calamities and that is why the regime working under the shadow of your military support and the corrupt elements assembled therein are not looked upon as a legitimate government rather they are considered a band of usurpers, looters, mafia warlords and drug-dealers while at the same time, the resistance against them is considered their legal, moral and national obligation. The people working alongside you to impose this system are committing treason against our nation and national interests. On the other hand, the people who waging armed resistance against your corrupt regime are the defenders of their homeland, national interests, sovereignty as well as their dignity and they are revered by the Afghan masses as their heroes. That the American media is propagating against the Afghan resistance and labelling them as foreign terrorists instead of Afghan freedom fighters, all of this is baseless propaganda aimed at concealing their own humiliating defeat. To repudiate this propaganda, we only want to say that had there been any chance of success in Afghanistan with foreign support, the American invaders and their coalition forces would definitely have succeeded due to enjoying the political and military support of a powerful country like the United States of America as well as the support of a well-equipped military alliance like NATO.

The People of America!

We would like to summarize our message to you in the following words:

The Afghans who are fighting your forces and any other invader today, this is their legal, religious and national obligation. However mighty and well-equipped your forces might be, even if supported by the entire world, this resistance will be sustained by the Afghan people due to their religious, legal and national obligation. This resistance is considered by Afghan masses as a sacred responsibility of defending their creed and country. To relinquish this sacred obligation is considered by them as abandoning Islam and all human values and this disgrace is never acceptable for any valiant Muslim Afghan individual.

Afghans have continued to burn for the last four decades in the fire of imposed wars. They are longing for peace and a just system but they will never tire from their just cause of defending their creed, country and nation against the invading forces of your war-mongering government because they have rendered all the previous and present historic sacrifices to safeguard their religious values and national sovereignty. If they make a deal on their sovereignty now, it would be unforgettable infidelity with their proud history and ancestors.

Afghanistan is a country which has maintained its independence throughout its several thousand year history. Even in the 19th and 20th century when most Muslim countries were occupied by the then European imperial powers, Afghanistan was the only country in the region to preserve its independence and despite an eighty year imperialistic endeavor, the British failed make them accept occupation. It is the same inherent zeal and historic succession in the hearts and minds of Afghan masses which presently inspires this empty-handed nation to continue protracted resistance against your occupying forces. This is not exaggeration rather irrefutable reality that today the valiant Afghan self-sacrificial attackers are competing among themselves to carry out martyrdom seeking attacks against your invading forces.

This national religious resistance of the Afghans is not a futile war, rather it is progressing everyday as various parts of the country are liberated. At this moment the head of SIGAR (Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction) acknowledged that sixty percent of Afghan territory is under the control of Taliban (Islamic Emirate).

In 2001 during the American invasion of Afghanistan, a number of world countries came under the influence of misleading propaganda by your officials and supported the warring strategy of the then president George W. Bush. But today we see that your government has lost that international support as a number of your coalition partners have withdrawn their forces from our country by discerning the prevailing realities and they are currently seeking a political solution. The international community at large is now backing our justified resistance against the illegitimate American occupation. If your government is still insisting on perpetuating the war in Afghanistan by conjuring excuses, it will further undermine American prestige in the world.

The People of America!

In the American society where the main source of power is the masses and the authorities are elected by public votes, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan – as representatives of the will of Afghan nation – asks the American people and the peace loving Congressmen to put pressure on your authorities and demand an end to the occupation of Afghanistan because stubbornly seeking the protraction of this war and existence of a corrupt and ineffective regime here in Kabul will have dreadful consequences for the region and particularly for the stability of America herself.

The Afghan masses feel pity for the whole American nation because they are being sacrificed and are losing respect through the world with each passing day solely due the war-mongering policies of a few war-mongering officials.

Your intellectuals, peace loving Congressmen and independent chiefs of civil organizations should question your authorities as to why the American people are so insecure and detested at home and abroad despite their international prestige?

For how long will your modern country and your children continue to be sacrificed for the war-mongering policies of a few war-mongering officials?

And what eventual benefit will these warring policies bring for your country?

The American People!

Your president and his military and political officials following his war policies still speak the language of war in Afghanistan. They intentionally release fake statistics for the sake of their vested interests and misguide you and the world by throwing dust in your eyes. The reality is that in contemporary world, the use of force and arms has been replaced by peaceful dialogue and wars cannot be won with lies.

Only in past September – in accordance with Trump’s new strategy – American forces used all their new powers and carried out 751 air strikes. You should ask your Generals that despite using such force, have you retaken even a single inch of land from the Taliban or have they become even more powerful.

If you do not understand the inexperienced policies of president Trump and his war-monger advisors, then look no further than his irrational decision of shifting the American embassy to from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem which brought America in opposition with 128 countries of the world.

Truly it is humiliating for a civilized people like you to be confronted with such a decisive international majority. It was only due of the pursuit of policies of force which pitted majority of the world countries against America, and your authorities are still insistent upon that ridiculous policy!!

The Islamic Emirate had asked America from the very beginning to solve her issues with the Islamic Emirate through talk and dialogue. The use of force has adverse consequences, and you might have now discerned the bitter consequences of American aggression against Afghanistan. If the policy of using force is exercised for a hundred more years and a hundred new strategies are adopted, the outcome of all of these will be the same as you have observed over the last six months following the initiation of Trump’s new strategy.

According we still believe that it is not too late for the American people to understand that the Islamic Emirate – as representative of its people – can solve its problems with every side through healthy politics and dialogue. Needless use of force only complicates the issues by creating new dimensions which gradually move out of the realm of control. The Islamic Emirate is a regional power with deep roots which cannot be subdued by sheer force. The chances of dialogue however are not exhausted. The American people must understand that the Islamic Emirate understands its responsibility and can play a constructive role in finding a peaceful solution for issues but this can never mean that we are exhausted or our will has been sapped. It is our policy that logic should be given a chance before the use of force. Whatever can be achieved by logic, should not be relinquished due to the use of force. It is the moral obligation of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan to inform you, the American masses, about these realities.

We must state that the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan undertakes legitimate efforts for the independence of our homeland. Having a sovereign country free from any foreign occupation is our natural and human right. Seeking freedom of our homeland and establishing an Islamic system conforming to the creed of our people can never be called terrorism by any law of the world. It is worth mentioning that we have no agenda of playing any destructive role in any other country and we have practically proven over the past seventeen years that we have not interfered in any other country. Likewise we will not allow anyone else to use Afghan territory against any other country. War is imposed on us, it is not our choice. Our preference is to solve the Afghan issue through peaceful dialogues. America must end her occupation and must accept all our legitimate rights including the right to form a government consistent with the beliefs of our people. After gaining independence, we would like to have positive and constructive relations with all countries of the world including our neighboring countries. We welcome their assistance and support in the reconstruction and rehabilitation of our country. We want to play a beneficial role in regional and world peace and stability, provide high standard education and employment opportunities for our people and guarantee all human and legal rights of every child, woman and man, secure our youth from drugs and all other moral indecencies, provided job opportunities to every individual such that they not leave their homeland or seek refuge abroad.

In brief, insisting on prolonging the war in Afghanistan and maintaining American troop presence is neither beneficial for America nor for anyone else, rather it endangers the stability of the entire world. This is irrefutable reality which is only rejected by your arrogant authorities. If you want peaceful dialogue with the Afghans specifically and with the world generally, then make your president and the war-mongering congressmen and Pentagon officials understand this reality and compel them to adopt a rational policy towards Afghanistan!

This will be the most constructive step for the stability of your people, the Afghans as well as the whole world.

Our only obligation is to convey (the message) to you!
The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
28/05/1439 Hijri Lunar
25/11/1396 Hijri Solar                    14/02/2018 Gregorian 

The Result of Mueller’s Investigation: Nothing Paul Craig Roberts

The #MeToo Movement Will Produce Victims of Its Own Paul Craig Roberts

Saturday, February 17, 2018

PT -- GUERRA NUCLEAR: 2.9 A Bomba secreta de Israel – Parte 2 + 3




De Hiroshima até hoje:

Quem e como nos conduzem à catástrofe

2.9 A Bomba secreta de Israel – Parte 2

Poucos dias depois, Israel rejeita a resolução 487 com a qual, em 19 de Junho de 1981, o Conselho de Segurança das Nações Unidas lhe ordena, entre outras coisas, de colocar todas as suas instalações nucleares sob a jurisdição da IAEA. Rejeita também as cinco resoluções que a Assembleia Geral emite, entre 1981 e 1989, sobre o armamento nuclear israelita. Na resolução de 15 de Dezembro de 1989  (44/121), a  Assembleia Geral «reitera a sua condenação à recusa de Israel em renunciar à posse de armas nucleares; exprime profunda preocupação pelo facto de Israel continuar a produzir, desenvolver e adquirir armas nucleares e a experimentar os seus transportadores; convida todos os Estados e organizações que não o haviam ainda feito, a não cooperar mais com Israel e a não lhe dar assistência no campo nuclear; pede, mais uma vez, que esse Estado coloque todas as instalações nucleares sob a alçada da jurisdição da Agência Internacional da Energia Atómica; reitera o seu pedido para que a IAEA suspenda toda e qualquer cooperação com Israel, que possa contribuir para a sua capacidade nuclear; pede, mais uma vez, ao conselho de Segurança, para tomar medidas urgentes e eficientes para que Israel se adapte à resolução 487 do mesmo Conselho». Nada disto acontece.

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 2.9 A Bomba secreta de Israel – Parte 2

 2.9 A Bomba secreta de Israel – Parte 3

PT -- GUERRA NUCLEAR: 2.9 A Bomba secreta de Israel – Parte 1




De Hiroshima até hoje:

Quem e como nos conduzem à catástrofe

2.9 A Bomba secreta de Israel – Parte 1

Enquanto os EUA, a Grã-Bretanha e a União Soviética procuram impedir, com o Tratado de Não-Proliferação, que outros países entrem no club nuclear, do qual fazem parte, em 1968, cinco membros, um sexto país infiltra-se no círculo das potências nucleares, conseguindo não só entrar pela porta de serviço, do nuclear civil mas, uma vez lá dentro, a tornar-se oficialmente invisível: o convidado de pedra é Israel. No mesmo momento em que, em 1968, se torna aberto às assinaturas o Tratado de Não-Proliferação, ele está já a distribuir em segredo, as suas primeiras armas nucleares. A história sobre como Israel consegue construí-las, sem nunca revelar a sua existência, desenvolve-se no mundo escuro dos assuntos nucleares. 

O programa nuclear militar começa no mesmo ano do nascimento de Israel; em 1948, sob ordens do Ministro da Defesa, um grupo de cientistas efectua prospecções no deserto do Negev, à procura de urânio. Encontrado um mineral de baixo teor de urânio, aperfeiçoam um processo para extraí-lo e desenvolvem, também, um novo método para extrair água pesada, que serve de moderadora nos reactores nucleares. Neste ponto, Israel tem necessidade de um reactor. Para obtê-lo, volta-se secretamente para a França, com a qual já colabora no sector nuclear: cientistas israelitas participaram, no início dos anos 50, na construção de um reactor de água pesada e num projecto de reprocessamento, em Marcoule.

A resposta de Paris chega, sempre num envelope selado, no Outono de 1956, poucas semanas antes das forças israelitas invadirem o Sinai egípcio, para dar à França e à Grã-Bretanha a maneira de ocupar a zona do Canal do Suez, depois da nacionalização do mesmo, decidida por Nasser. Para recompensar Israel, logo que acaba a crise do Suez, o governo francês envia os seus técnicos para construir, no máximo segredo, um bunker subterrâneo em Dimona, no deserto do Negev, um reactor nuclear de 24 megawatt de potência. Para fazer chegar os componentes ao reactor, em Israel, o governo francês envolve-se em contrabando, declarando à sua própria alfândega, que são partes de uma fábrica de dessalinização, destinada, no quadro da cooperação internacional, a um país da América Latina.

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“Glory to God in the highest,

and on Earth

Peace, Good Will toward men.”

This Christmas, Give Peace